The list below gives you an idea of the range and availability of insecticides, fungicides and herbicides available in New Zealand for spraying ON our cereals, pulses, fruit and vegetables. The following list only includes products that are sprayed ON the growing plant - post emergence. RITE just wants to give you a taste of what is available.... This list is simply a selection, and is in no way comprehensive. New Zealand is considered a 'safe' food producer, however there are products listed below that may not be legally used in other countries.
What are the consequences of these sprays on, for example, our daily bread? If you have gluten intolerance of IBS, take a moment to check out the list, then contemplate the fact that wheat isn't likely to get thoroughly washed before production. Rather, wheat will be cleaned without water: magnets, gravity and air currents are used. Water may be added later in the conditioning process, but will be added to slightly increase moisture rather than drain off (and wash). Cereal growing regions with higher rainfall may have higher pesticide residue levels.
Why the fuss? I'm not necessarily saying these products are bad. What I am saying is the cumulative effects of different products that can be sprayed on the same crop - all for very relevant reasons - are never assessed. These products only ever assessed for a 60kg adult - never a developing foetus or infant. For example, do we know if these products have similar effects in the digestive system? No. Do we know if these products affect our ability to digest foods? No. Toxicity assessments are not based on immunological, gastric or endocrine effects. And every study that has proven these products safe by our governments today are supplied and paid for by the same companies that make and sell the product. With no peer review. These studies are private and confidential. Yet their results directly affect how much can be applied to our food. And of course - remember that no agency or country IN THE WORLD assesses the stronger full formulation (with added stuff to make it work more effectively). Our countries and governments only asses the weaker active chemical.
There are too many data gaps and conflicts of interest. That's all. Conventional food should be safe.
Furthermore the tests that give the operator exposure levels - farmer exposure - are way out of date. It's not just the consumers - it's our farmers trying to get up with cut price demands of duopolist supermarkets. Most farmers don't have the stretch to avoid chemical fixes that get perfect products to market. In Australia 'while supermarkets profits have risen at a rate of 4% a year for a decade suppliers profits have flatlined'. (Duopoly Money, Malcolm Knox, The Monthly, August 2014) Our food producers are stressed and the cheap products touted by our supermarkets do not mean healthy products.
The New Zealand government tests some of these products in its food monitoring programs that assess residue levels in food.
Post emergence herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.
ACL GLYPHOSATE 360: For wheat, barley and oats apply 7-12 days prior to harvest when the grain moisture content is less than 30%. Apply 7-14 days prior to harvesting peas when pods have dried. Use only on peas for threshing. Do not harvest within 7 days after treatment to allow herbicide to translocate into the weed roots. Do not apply to crops which will be harvested for seed. 360 g/litre glyphosate as the isopropylamine salt in the form of a solubleconcentrate
Agritone 750 Selective herbicide for the control of many broadleaf weeds in established pastures, grass playing fields and lawns, and in cereals, grass seed and linseed crops.
Alliacine 40EC: Alliacine is a herbicide for use post-emergence in onions, pre- and post-emergence in lettuce and pre-emergence in carrots, leeks and parsnips. A carbamate, 400g/litre chlorpropham
Alpha-Scud: For the control of a range of caterpillar pests in vegetable brassicas, maize, sweetcorn and tomatoes, thrips in onions, aphids in stone fruit and tomatoes, and grass grub beetle on non-bearing fruit trees, vines. 100g/L alpha-cypermethrin
Amistar: For the control of a wide range of diseases in wheat, barley, potatoes, ryegrass seed crops, sweetcorn and maize. 250g/L in the form of a suspension concentrate. Always apply with a triazole fungicide to improve disease control as well as enhance resistance management.
Atranex SC: For post-emergence control of annual grasses and broadleaf weeds in maize, sweetcorn, established lucerne and non crop situations. 500g/L atrazine
Aramo: A selective post-emergent herbicide for the control of annual poa in bulb onion crops. 200g/L tepraloxydim
Archer Herbicide for the control of certain broadleaf weeds in a wide range of crops. 300g/L clopyralid as the amine salt
Assault: Non-volatile 2,4-D liquid for broadleaf weed control in cereals and pasture.
Attack: A broad spectrum insecticide for use on avocados, citrus, flowers and ornamentals, glasshouse tomatoes and cucurbits, grapes, kiwifruit, persimmons, vegetable and fodder brassicas and fodder beet. 25g/litre permethrin + 475g/L pirimiphos-methyl
Basagran: Selective post-emergence herbicide for use on onions, cereals, clover and grass seed crops, pasture, potatoes, soya beans, peas, lucerne and turf. 480g/L bentazone(present as the sodium salt)
Baton: Non-volatile 2,4-D soluble granules for broadleaf weed control in cereals and pasture.
Beetup Compact: Beetup Compact controls various weeds in sugar and red beets. Provides critical early post-emergent weed control in beets. Carbamate, 80g/litre phenmedipham + 80g/litre desmedipham
Bladex 90 WG: A selective herbicide for the control of various weeds in lentils, lucerne, maize, sweet corn, onion and pea crops. Active Ingredient(s): 500g/L cyanazine
Bonza: A specially formulated blend of paraffinic oil and surfactant to enhance wetting, spreading and uptake of systemic herbicides; with other herbicides and agricultural chemicals to improve wetting and spreading, and as an aid for modifying spray droplet quality and to preserve droplet survival. 450g/L paraffinic oil
Bruno: For selective control of various weeds in maize, onions, peas, potatoes, lentils, lucerne, and sweetcorn. Active Ingredient: 500g/litre cyanazine.
Captan 600 Flo: A fungicide for the control of certain fungous diseases of fruit, vegetables, ornamentals, turf, greenhouse crops and for certain soil borne diseases.
Chlorpyrifos 500EC: Agricultural and horticultural insecticide.
Comet: Systemic cereal fungicide for the control of diseases in barley, wheat and ryegrass. 250g/L pyraclostrobin. Always apply with a triazole fungicide to improve disease control as well as enhance resistance management
Contact Xcel: A non-ionic surfactant which will improve the wetting, spreading and sticking of agricultural and horticultural sprays. 980g/L linear alcohol ethoxylate
Corasil: A plant growth regulator for the improvement of fruit size in oranges and mandarins. 750g/L MCPA as the dimethylamine salt.
Cougar: Selective weedkiller for the control of field pansy and other broadleaf weeds in wheat and barley. Fenoxaprop-P-ethyl 120 g/L
Crest 520: A selective post emergence herbicide for grass weed control in many broadleaf crops, orchards and forestry. 520g/litre haloxyfop-P as the methyl ester
Diquat 200SL : desiccant to allow easier harvesting of certain crops. desiccant in Barley, Green Beans, Lentils, Lucerne, Peas, Red Clover, Soya Beans, Wheat and White Clover and haulm destruction in Potatoes. Bipyridyl, 200g/litre diquat. http://www.adriacp.co.nz/docTech/Diquat_200SL_Technical_Guide.pdf
Duplosan Super: Systemic post-emergence herbicide for use in wheat, barley, oats, grass crops and grass lawns against a wide range of broadleaf weeds. 130g/litre mecoprop-p, 310g/litre dichlorprop-p and 160g/litre MCPA as dimethylamine salts in the form of a soluble concentrate. http://www.nufarm.co.nz/assets/17983/1/Duplosan_Super_10L_Label.pdf
Centric: A selective post emergent herbicide for the control of broadleaf weeds in wheat, barley and oats. CENTRIC is compatible with commonly used cereal herbicides, insecticides and fungicides. Chlorsulfuron - Sulphonyl urea, 750g/kg chlorsulfuron http://www.adriacp.co.nz/docTech/Centric_Technical_Guide.pdf
Coronet: A selective grass herbicide for use on autumn and spring sown wheat and perennial ryegrass for the control of wild oats and lesser canary grass (Phalaris minor). Carboxylic acid derivative, 69g/L fenoxaprop-P-ethyl. http://www.adriacp.co.nz/docTech/Coronet_Technical_Guide.pdf
Cycocel® 750: Plant growth regulant for application to wheat, oats and perennial ryegrass seed crops. 750g/kg chlormequat-chloride in the form of a soluble concentrate
Dew 600 : An insecticide for the control of insect pests of fruit and vegetable crops, cereals, forage brassica and pasture. 600g/L Diazinon
Diazol® 800: For control of insect pests in pasture and kiwifruit and other horticultural crops. 800g/L diazinon
Dictate 480: Selective contact herbicide for the control of chamomiles, stinking mayweed, cleavers, storksbill, Onehunga weed and other broadleaf weeds in onions, cereals, pasture, clover and grass seed crops, potatoes, soyabeans, peas, lucerne and turf. 480g/L bentazone
Dimilin 2L: An insect growth regulator which disrupts chitin deposition and prevents moulting of porina caterpillar, clover flea of pasture and sciarid fly of mushrooms. 240g/L Diflubenzuron
Downright: A systemic fungicide with protectant and antisporulant activity for the control of downy mildew in grapes, lettuce and onions and early and late blight in potatoes. 500g/L Dimethomorph
Duplosan Super: Systemic post-emergence herbicide for use in wheat, barley, oats, grass crops and grass lawns. 130g/litre mecoprop-p, 310g/litre dichlorprop-p and 160g/litre MCPA as dimethylamine salts
DuPont Glean: broad spectrum weed control in wheat, barley and oats. Chlorsulfuron
Emblem Flo: A fast acting contact broadleaf herbicide for use in maize, sweetcorn and popcorn. 402g/L bromoxynil, including 393g/L as the butyrate and octanoate esters 402g/L bromoxynil, including 393g/L as the butyrate and octanoate esters
Fenox 240EC: A herbicide for pre-and post-emergence control of broadleaf weeds and some annual grasses in apples, grapes, kiwifruit, stonefruit and forest nurseries. Nitrophenyl ether 240g/litre oxyfluorfen
Foxtrot: Selective grass herbicide for use on autumn and spring sown barley, wheat and perennial ryegrass to control wild oats and lesser canary grass. Active Ingredient: 69g/litre fenoxaprop-P-ethyl.
Jazz: Pre or post-emergence control of weeds in asparagus, carrots, lucerne, maize, lentils, peas, potatoes and tomatoes. Active Ingredient: 500g/litre metribuzin.
Flowable Atrazine: Residual herbicide for the control of certain broadleaf weeds and seedling grasses in maize, sweetcorn, linseed and established lucerne.
Granstar: For control of broadleaf weeds in wheat, barley and oats, and for use in conservation tillage. 750g/kg tribenuron-methyl
Harmony: For control of buttercups and dock in pasture, wheat, barley and oats. 500g/kg thifensulfuronmethyl
Hornet 430SC: A systemic triazole (DMI) fungicide for the control of diseases in cereals, grass seed crops, peas and onions, for the control of brown rot in stonefruit and to control rust and fusarium in pasture. 430g/L tebuconazole
Hussar®: Selective post-emergence herbicide for the control of certain broad-leaved and grass weeds in autumn and spring sown wheat, durum wheat, triticale, ryecorn and barley. 50g/kg iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium and 150g/kg mefenpyr-diethyl (safener) in the form of a water dispersible granule. IMS and other similar herbicides, work by preventing cell division and plant growth through the inhibition of the necessary amino acids valine and isoleucine.
Kaiso 50WG: A synthetic pyrethroid insecticide for the control of foliar pests in beans, cereals,vegetable and forage brassicas,citrus, grapes, maize, sweetcorn, onions, potatoes, pumpkins, winter squash, tomatoes, ornamentals and amenity turf. 50g/kg lambda-cyhalothrin
Kamba 500: A selective herbicide for the control of difficult broadleaf weeds in cereals, maize, pasture and waste areas. (Controls atrazine resistant fathen in maize). 500g/L dicamba as the dimethylamine salt
Lorsban™ 50EC: Controls insects in agricultural crops and tree and vine fruit. 500g/L chlorpyrifos
Metriphar 48SC: Metriphar is a selective herbicide for pre- and post-emergence weed control in asparagus, carrots, lentils, lucerne, maize, peas, potatoes and tomatoes. Triazinone 480g/litre metribuzin
Moddus: A plant growth regulator to reduce the risk of lodging in wheat, barley and oats and promote seed yield increases in ryegrass seed crops. 250g/L trinexapac-ethyl in theform of an emulsifiable concentrate.
Nu-Trazine 900DF: Residual herbicide for the control of certain broadleaf weeds in maize, sweetcorn, linseed and established lucerne. 900g/kg Atrazine
Opus: Systemic cereal fungicide for the control of diseases in barley, wheat and ryegrass seed crops. 125g/L epoxiconazole in the form of a suspension concentrate. Opus can be used alone or in mixes with a strobilurin fungicide for improved disease control and persistency
Othello: Post emergence herbicide for the control of certain broad-leaved and some grass weeds in wheat. 50g/L diflufenican, 7.5g/L mesosulfuron-methyl, 2.5g/L iodosulfuron methyl sodium in the form of an oil dispersion.
Proline: A systemic fungicide for control of diseases in wheat, barley and ryegrass seed crops. 250g/L prothioconazole
Pulsar: Selective post-emergence herbicide for use in new pastures, peas, clover and cereals. Active Ingredient(s): 200g/L bentazone (present as the sodium salt), 200g/L MCPB (present as the sodium salt). Bentazone not good for wheat
Pulse penetrant: For improved penetration and faster uptake of glyphosate and other herbicides. 800g/L organomodified polydimethyl siloxane
REGLONE is a non-selective, contact herbicide used as a desiccant to allow easier harvesting of many crops. Diquat dibromide.
ReTain: A naturally occurring plant growth regulator for apples and stonefruit (except cherries) which can improve harvest management, fruit quality and enhance storage potential. 150g/kg aviglycine hydrochloride (AVG)
Saxon: For broad spectrum broadleaf weed control in wheat, barley and oats. Active Ingredient: 200g/litre mecoprop-p + 200g/litre MCPA + 70g/litre fluroxypyr
Seguris Flexi: For the control of a wide range of diseases in barley, ryegrass seed crops and wheat. 125g/L isopyrazam. Apply in a mixture with a triazole fungicide, for curative activity and resistance management
Sprinter 700DS: Non-volatile 2,4-D liquid for broadleaf weed control in pasture and cereal. 700g/L 2,4-D as the dimethylamine and the monomethylamine salts
Stabilan:. 700DS: A plant growth regulator for use on wheat, oats and perennial ryegrass seed crops 750g/L chlormequat-chloride
Starane™ Xtra: Controls broadleaf weeds in cereal and apples. 333g/litre fluroxypyr
Stratos: or the selective control of wild oats in wheat, barley, rye grass and seed crops. Active Ingredient: 200g/litre flamprop-M-isopropyl.
Tazer: A fungicide for the control of a wide range of diseases in wheat, barley, potato, sweetcorn, maize, onions, grapes, field tomatoes, peas and ryegrass seed crops. 250g/L azoxystrobin
Thistrol Plus: Selective herbicide for controlling broadleaf weeds in young and established pastures, cereals, peas and in white clover and grass seed crops. 25g/L MCPA and 375g/L MCPB, both as the dimethylamine salts
Trimec: A selective herbicide for the control of a wide range of broadleaf weeds in wheat, barley, oats and ryegrass seed crops 600g/L mecoprop, 150g/L MCPA and 18.7g/L dicamba
Troy 480SL: A selective post-emergence broadleaf herbicide for use on onions, cereals, clover and grass seed crops, pasture, potatoes, soyabeans, peas, lucerne and turf. 480g/litre bentazone
Twister: A selective post-emergence herbicide for grass and broadleaf weed control in wheat and winter sown barley. Active Ingredient: 500g/litre isoproturon.
TWINAX : selective post-emergence grass weed herbicide of the DEN chemistry that delivers outstanding control of wild oats, annual ryegrasses and phalaris in wheat and barley. 100 g/litre PINOXADEN
Ultima: Wild oat, Lesser Canary grass and Gnawed Canary grass in Wheat, Triticale, Ryecorn and Durum wheat. Carbooxylic acid derivative 240g/kg clodinafop-propargyl
Vitaflo 200: Controls the major seed borne and soil borne diseases in wheat, barley, oats and maize. 200g/litre carboxin and 200g/litre thiram.